ارائه چارچوبی برای شناسایی بسترهای اجرایی حرفه‌ای‌سازی مدیریت منابع انسانی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت دولتی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد کنگاور، کرمانشاه، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه مدیریت دولتی، دانشکده‌ مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه مدیریت دولتی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران.

4 استادیار، گروه مدیریت دولتی، دانشکده‌ مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران.

5 دکتری مدیریت استراتژیک، باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان واحد کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران.

10.22034/jipas.2020.246171.1099

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش ارائه چارچوبی برای شناسایی بسترهای اجرایی حرفه­ ای­ سازی مدیریت منابع انسانی است. در این پژوهش از روش­ شناسی نظریه داده­بنیاد چندگانه استفاده شده است. داده­ های حاصل از مرور نظام­ مند مطالعات و پژوهش­های مرتبط پنج دهه اخیر (41 منبع) در حوزه مدیریت منابع انسانی در باب حرفه­ ای­ سازی با داده­ های حاصل از مصاحبه با 15 نفر از خبرگان نظری یا دانشگاهی و مدیران اجرایی منابع انسانی که با ترکیب روش­ های نمونه­ گیری هدفمند و گلوله­ برفی انتخاب شدند، برای تحلیل ترکیب شدند. جهت اعتبارسنجی چارچوب مذکور طی دو مرحله متوالی از نظرسنجی از خبرگان استفاده شد که این امر دلالت بر تأیید نتایج دارد. بر اساس رویکرد فراترکیب به شناسایی هشت مقوله فرعی در قالب سه دسته کلی عوامل محیطی، سازمانی و رفتاری پرداخته شد؛ همچنین؛ بر اساس نتایج مصاحبه با این خبرگان 21 مقوله فرعی در قالب دو دسته کلی عوامل سوق­ دهنده و بازدارنده به چارچوب نهایی اضافه شد که وضعیت بسترهای حرفه­ ای­ سازی را مفهوم­ پردازی می­کند. به مدیران و متخصصان حوزه منابع انسانی پیشنهاد می‌شود که به ابعاد سخت (آموزش، کارمندیابی) و نرم (توسعه، مدیریت عملکرد) حرفه‌ای‌سازی منابع انسانی توجه کرده و همچنین تفکیک سیاست از مدیریت و خلق سازمان شایسته‌محور را در مدیریت سازمان­های دولتی ملاک عمل خود قرار دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Developing a Framework for Identifying the Executive Contexts of the Professionalization of Human Resource Management

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammadamin Batmani 1
  • Jabbar Babashahi 2
  • Hamidreza Yazdani 3
  • Yousef Vakili 4
  • Seyed Farhad Hosseini 5
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University of Kangavar, Kangavar, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Public Administration Department, Faculty of Management and Accounting, College of Farabi, Tehran University, Qom, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Public Administration Department, Faculty of Management and Accounting, College of Farabi, Tehran University, Qom, Iran.
4 Assistant Professor, Public Administration Department, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
5 PhD in Strategic Management, Young Reseachers and Elite Club, Kermanshah Branch, Kermanshah, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to provide a framework for identifying the executive contexts of the professionalization of human resource management. In this research, the methodology of multiple-grounded theory is used. Data obtained from the systematic review of related studies and researches of the last five decades (41 studies) in the area of human resource management on professionalization in combining with data obtained from interviews with 15 theoretical or academics experts and HR executives or practitioners, which were selected by combining sampling methods including purposive and snowball, were combined for analysis. Experts' opinions were used to validate the mentioned framework in two sequential stages to confirm the results. Based on meta-synthesis approach, eight sub-categories were identified in the form of three general categories of environmental, organizational and behavioral factors. As well, based on the results of interviews with these experts, sub-categories in the form of two general categories of driving and restraining factors was added to the final framework, which conceptualizes the status of the professionalization contexts. Managers and experts in the field of human resources are recommended to pay attention to the hard i.e. training and recruitment, and soft i.e. development, performance management, aspects of professionalization of human resources, and moreover, to consider the separation of policy level from administration level. Furthermore, it’s recommended to create a competent-based organization in managing public organizations.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Professionalization. Professionalism
  • Multi-Grounded Theory
  • Grounded theory
  • Meta-Synthesis
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