طراحی و اعتبار‌سنجی فرم کوتاه ابزار اندازه‌گیری رهبری تیم (مطالعه‌ای ترکیبی در تیم‌های معلمان)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.

2 استاد، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.

10.22034/jipas.2022.302663.1227

چکیده

در دهه اخیر رهبری تیم به‌عنوان یک‌رشته علمی شاهد پیشرفت‌های قابل‌توجهی است. لذا ساخت فرم کوتاه ابزار اندازه‌گیری رهبری تیم می‌تواند انجام مطالعات در این حوزه را تسهیل نماید؛ بنابراین هدف پژوهش حاضر طراحی و اعتبار سنجی فرم کوتاه ابزار اندازه‌گیری سنجش رهبری تیم بود. روش پژوهش ترکیبی و از نوع اکتشافی متوالی (کیفی- کمی) بود. در قسمت کیفی از روش گروه کانونی استفاده شد، جامعه پژوهش کلیه صاحب‌نظران حوزه رهبری و تیم بودند که با روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند بیست‌ونه صاحب‌نظر فعال در حوزه رهبری و تیم انتخاب شدند، ابزار پژوهش در قسمت کیفی، مصاحبه ساختاریافته و فرم نظرسنجی متخصصان بود. جهت تحلیل داده‌ها از روش تحلیل گویه، نسبت روایی محتوا و بازبینی توسط همکار استفاده شد.

در قسمت کمی از مطالعات همبستگی استفاده شد. جامعه پژوهش کلیه معلمان مقطع متوسطه دوم استان کردستان بودند که با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای نسبتی و بر مبنای فرمول کوکران نمونه‌ای به حجم 346 معلم انتخاب شد. از فرم کوتاه ابزار اندازه‌گیری رهبری تیم در قسمت کیفی جهت گردآوری داده‌ها استفاده شد. جهت تحلیل داده‌ها از تکنیک‌های تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تحلیل عاملی تأییدی مرتبه دوم و ضریب آلفای کرانباخ به‌وسیله نرم‌افزارهای SPSS25 و LISREL10.30 استفاده شد.

یافته‌ها نشان داد: فرم کوتاه ابزار اندازه‌گیری رهبری تیم با دو کارکرد انتقالی و اقدامی در قالب پانزده گویه در بخش کیفی و کمی دارای روایی و پایایی مطلوب بود. ارزش پژوهش حاضر ارائه یک ابزار استاندارد برخاسته از یک مطالعه ترکیبی است که جهت سنجش رهبری تیم در مطالعات قابلیت کاربرد را دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing and Validating A Short Form of Team Leadership Measurement Tool (A Mixed-Methodology Study in Teacher Teams)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jamal Abdolmaleki 1
  • Siroos Ghanbari 2
1 PhD Student in Educational Management, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
2 Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In the last decade, team leadership as a scientific area has had significant progress. Therefore, creating a short form of team leadership measurement tool can facilitate studies in this area. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to design and validate a short team leadership measurement tool. The research used a mixed-consecutive exploratory methodology; qualitative-quantitative. In qualitative phase, the focus group method was used. The research population was all experts in the field of leadership and team, who were selected by judgmental purposive sampling method. Twenty nine experts in the field of leadership and team were selected. The research tools in the qualitative phase were structured interviews and expert survey forms. To analyze the data, item analysis method, content validity ratio and peer review were used. In the quantitative phase, correlation method was used. The study population was all secondary school teachers in Kurdistan province. A sample of 346 teachers was selected by stratified random sampling method based on Cochran's formula. The short form of the team leadership measurement tool in the qualitative phase was used to collect data. For data analysis, exploratory factor analysis and second-order confirmatory factor analysis techniques and Cronbach's alpha coefficient were used by SPSS25 and LISREL10.30 software. Findings show that the short form of the team leadership measurement tool with two transitional and action function, with fifteen items in the qualitative and quantitative phases,  had good validity and reliability. The contribution of this study is to provide a standard tool designed from a mixed study that can be utilized to measure team leadership.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Team leadership
  • Short Form
  • measurement tool
  • Teacher Teams
  • Mixed Methodology
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