هنرآفرینی شغلی کارکنان در بانک‌های دولتی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده کسب‌وکار و اقتصاد، دانشگاه خلیج فارس، بوشهر، ایران.

2 دکتری مدیریت دولتی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشکدگان فارابی، دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران.

10.22034/jipas.2022.264987.1141

چکیده

طراحی شغلی از جمله دغدغه‌های همیشگی مدیران منابع انسانی سازمان‌ها بوده است. هنرآفرینی شغلی رویکردی جدید در این زمینه است که طی آن کارکنان به‌صورت فعالانه مرزهای شغلی خود را تغییر می‌دهند. هدف این پژوهش، سنجش هنرآفرینی شغلی کارکنان بانک‌های دولتی شهر بوشهر است. این پژوهش از نظر هدف کاربردی و از نظر روش گردآوری داده‌ها از نوع پیمایشی و مبتنی بر مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری است. جامعه آماری پژوهش، کارکنان بانک‌های دولتی شهر بوشهر می‌باشد. با توجه به جدول کوکران، تعداد 230 پرسشنامه مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. به‌منظور سنجش متغیر هنرآفرینی شغلی از پرسشنامه 21 گویه‌ای تیمز و همکاران استفاده شد. روایی پرسشنامه از نظر صوری، محتوایی و سازه مورد بررسی قرار گرفت و پایایی آن نیز با اجرای آزمایشی و محاسبه ضریب آلفای کرونباخ، 96 درصد محاسبه گردید. نتایج پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که از منظر کارکنان بانک‌های دولتی شهر بوشهر به‌ترتیب مؤلفه افزایش منابع اجتماعی شغلی، مؤلفه کاهش عوامل بازدارنده تقاضاهای شغلی، مؤلفه افزایش منابع ساختاری شغلی و در نهایت مؤلفه افزایش تقاضاهای چالشی شغلی بیشترین تأثیر را روی متغیر هنرآفرینی شغلی داشته‌اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Employees’ Job Crafting in Iranian Public Banks

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ebrahim Rajabpour 1
  • Masoud Banafi 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Business and Economics, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran.
2 PhD in Public Administration, Faculty of Management and Accounting, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Job crafting has been one of the constant concerns of human resource managers in organizations. Job crafting is a new approach in which employees are actively changing their career boundaries. The purpose of this study is to assess the job crafting of employees of public banks in Bushehr. This research is applied in terms of purpose and in terms of data collection method is survey type and used structural equation modeling. The statistical population of the study is the employees of public banks in Bushehr. According to Cochran's table, 230 questionnaires were analyzed. In order to measure the variable of job crafting, the 21-item questionnaire of Thames et al. was used. The validity of the questionnaire was evaluated in terms of form, content and structure and its reliability was calculated 96% by experimental implementation and Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The results show that from the perspective of employees of public banks in Bushehr, the component of increasing job social resources, the component of reducing the barriers to job demand, the component of increasing structural job resources and finally the component of increasing job challenge demands had the most impact on job crafting.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Demand-Job Resources Model
  • Job design
  • job crafting
  • Public Banks
  • Bushehr
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