عنوان مقاله [English]
This study examines the phenomenon of resistance to change from the perspective of personality theory and leadership style and its purpose is to investigate the impact of transformational and servant leadership styles on employees' resistance to change; as well as examining the moderating role of managers' Machiavellian personality in this regard. The data related to these variables were collected through standard questionnaires from the sample of the statistical population of employees and managers of governmental organizations in Ahvaz by voluntary non-probability sampling method. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by the evaluation and comments of experts and professors, and its reliability was confirmed by calculating Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Correlation analysis and structural equation modeling were used to analyze the data and test the research hypotheses. The results of data analysis showed that transformational leadership style had a significant negative effect on employees' resistance to change, whereas this effect was observed negative but non-significant in servant leadership style. The results also showed that the machiavellian personality of managers reinforces the negative impact of transformational and servant style on resistance to change. So that the effect of servant leadership style on resistance to change has been significantly negative influenced by manager Machiavelli's personality.