واکاوی تجارب زیسته کارکنان از چالش‌های رهبری شورانگیز در روابط میان‌فردی شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت دولتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت دولتی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

3 استاد، گروه مدیریت دولتی،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران.

4 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت فرهنگی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران.

10.22034/jipas.2023.376740.1522

چکیده

رهبری شورانگیز به‌واسطه قابلیت‌های منحصربه‌فرد خود در ایجاد شورواشتیاق افراد در کار و نقش آن در روابط میان‌فردی به‌عنوان یک مفهوم نوظهور می‌تواند در افزایش توان مواجهه با چالش‌های شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان مؤثر باشد. پژوهش حاضر  به دنبال واکاوی تجارب زیسته کارکنان از چالش‌های رهبری شورانگیز در روابط میان‌فردی شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان است. روش‌شناسی پژوهش، پدیدارشناسی توصیفی هوسرلی است. محیط پژوهش، شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان و جامعه پژوهش، افرادی است که در شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان مشغول فعالیت بودند که اطلاعات پژوهش با مصاحبه نیمه‌ساختاریافته و عمیق با آن‌ها جمع‌آوری شد؛ از این‌ میان، تا حد اشباع داده‌ها با 16 نفر از کارکنان، مصاحبه انجام گرفت؛ نمونه‌گیری به روش هدف‌مند وابسته به معیار انجام شد. پژوهش‌گر در پی پاسخ به این سـؤال بود که رهبری شورانگیز در روابط میان‌گروهی شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان ایران با چه چالش‌هایی مواجه است و برای رهبری این کارکنان دانشی چه الزاماتی باید در نظر گرفت؟ اعتبار داده‌های پژوهش از طریق بازگشت به مصاحبه‌شوندگان، توصیف عمیق و ممیزان بیرونی تأیید شد. تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها به روش کولایزی انجام گرفت. نتایج نشان داد می‌توان چالش‌های رهبری شورانگیز در شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان را در عناصری چون اجماع بر اهداف یکسان، واقعیت‌پرهیزی، منزلت افزوده اجتماعی، تحریک خودکارآمدی جمعی و تعارضات ارتباطی دید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Exploring Lived Experiences of Engaging Leadership Challenges in Interpersonal Relations in Knowledge-Based Companies

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zakieh Beiki Demneh 1
  • Seyyed Mohsen Allameh 2
  • Akbar Etebaryan Khorasgani 3
  • Saeid Sharifi 4
1 PhD student in public administration, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Pubic Governance Department, Faculty of Governance, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
3 Professor, Department of Public Administration, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran.
4 Associate Professor, Department of Cultural Management, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Engaging leadership, due to its unique capabilities in creating people's Engagement at work and its role in interpersonal relationships, as an emerging concept, can be effective in increasing the ability to face the challenges of knowledge companies. Therefore, this research explores the lived experiences of engaging leadership challenges in interpersonal relationships of knowledge-based companies. The research methodology is Husserli's descriptive-phenomenological. The research environment is knowledge-based companies and the research population is people who were working in knowledge-based companies, and information was collected through semi-structured and in-depth interviews; interviews were conducted with 16 employees until data saturation. Convenience-sampling method dependent on the criterion was employed. The researcher was looking for an answer to the question, what challenges does the engaging leadership face in the inter-personal relations of Iran's knowledge-based companies, and what requirements should be considered for the leadership of these knowledge workers? The validity of the research data was verified by returning to the interviewees, in-depth descriptions, and external auditors. Data analysis was done by the 7-step Collaizi method. The results show that the challenges of engaging leadership in knowledge-based companies can be seen in elements such as consensus on the same goals, avoiding reality, added social dignity, stimulation of collective self-efficacy, and communication conflicts.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Work Engagement
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Leadership
  • Engaging Leadership
  • Knowledge-Based Companies
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